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  • Infant mortality rate is 252/1,000 live births
  • Life expectancy is 44 years
  • 53.7% of children under 5 are malnourished
  • Almost 1 in 5 Afghan children die before the age of 5
  • There are 250,000 childhood deaths a year, mostly from malnutrition, diarrhea, tuberculosis and malaria
  • 34% of the population uses adequate sanitation facilities
  • 39% of the population uses improved drinking water sources
  • 34% of pregnant women are immunized for tetanus
  • 44% of infants are immunized for measles
  • Total health expenditure of GDP is only 4.4%
  • < 1 physician for every 1,000 people
  • < 1 hospital bed for every 1,000 people
  • Widespread use of mines during more than two decades of conflict has turned Afghanistan into one of the most heavily contaminated countries in the world
  • Mines and UXO (Unexploded Ordinance) technology kill or injure an average of two Afghans every day; 50% of victims are children
  • 12% of children are orphans
  • 60% of children have lost at least one member of their family or close relatives
  • 35% of children have lost one of their parents
  • Over 600,000 children sleep on the streets
  • Literacy rate is 28%
  • Female literacy rate is 12.6%
  • The net primary school enrollment is 53%
  • Female completion rate of primary school is 17.73%
  • Male completion rate of primary school is 45.84%
  • Female secondary school enrollment is 5%
  • Male secondary school enrollment is 25%
  • There are 3.2 million refugees living outside of Afghanistan: the largest refugee population in the world followed by Iraq and Sudan
  • More than 20,000 families have been displaced due to the fighting in the provinces of Helmand, Kandahar and Uruzgan as of November 2006
Infrastructure and Housing
  • Almost half the population of Kabul lives in squatter settlements
  • Piped city water reaches only 18% of the population of Kabul
  • Only 6% of Afghans have electricity
  • Housing market can't keep up with millions of returning refugees


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